Do You Have to Pay VAT on My First £85,000 to HMRC 2023/2024?


If you’re a budding entrepreneur or a small business owner, navigating the intricacies of Value Added Tax (VAT) can be a daunting task. One of the common questions that arise is whether you have to pay VAT on your first £85,000 of revenue. Let’s delve into the details to demystify this aspect of VAT.

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The VAT Threshold

In the United Kingdom, businesses are required to register for VAT once their taxable turnover exceeds a certain threshold. As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, this threshold stands at £85,000. This means that if your business’s taxable turnover surpasses £85,000 over a 12-month period, you are obligated to register for VAT with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC).

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Voluntary Registration

It’s important to note that you can voluntarily register for VAT even if your turnover is below the threshold. Why would you do this? Well, voluntary registration allows you to reclaim VAT on your business expenses. This can be advantageous, especially if your clients or customers are VAT-registered businesses.

Benefits of VAT Registration

While the idea of dealing with VAT may seem like added complexity, there are potential benefits to registration, even if you’re not required to do so:

Credibility and Professionalism

Being VAT-registered can enhance the credibility and professionalism of your business. Many larger businesses prefer to work with suppliers who are VAT-registered, viewing it as a sign of stability and legitimacy.

Reclaiming VAT

Once registered, you can reclaim VAT on eligible business expenses. This includes goods and services purchased for your business, such as office supplies, equipment, and professional services.

Global Trade

If you plan to engage in international trade, being VAT-registered can simplify transactions, especially within the European Union (EU). It may also be a requirement for trading with certain countries.

The Process of VAT Registration

If your turnover exceeds the VAT threshold, or if you choose to register voluntarily, you can initiate the process with HMRC. This typically involves completing an online application and providing details about your business.


In summary, you do not need to pay VAT on your first £85,000 of taxable turnover. VAT registration becomes mandatory only if your turnover exceeds this threshold. However, even if you’re below the threshold, it’s wise to monitor your business’s growth and assess the benefits of voluntary registration, especially if you wish to reclaim VAT on business expenses or enhance your business’s credibility.

Remember, tax regulations can evolve, so staying informed and seeking professional advice is key to ensuring compliance with the latest requirements.

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when is capital gains tax payable inherited property Parents estate

Capitals gains tax payable on probate value of the estate and the increase

Capital Gains Tax (CGT) is a subject that often leaves property owners and heirs scratching their heads. Understanding the intricacies of when and how CGT applies to property that has appreciated in value since probate can be a challenging task. In this blog post, we will unravel the mystery and shed light on when CGT is payable on property in the UK that has seen an increase in value since the probate valuation.

Probate Valuation: The Starting Point

Probate valuation serves as the foundation for determining CGT liability when property is inherited. It’s the estimated market value of a deceased person’s assets, including property, at the time of their passing. This value is crucial because it sets the baseline against which any future gains are measured.

CGT and Property: The Basics

CGT is a tax levied on the profit made when you sell or dispose of an asset that has increased in value since you acquired it. When it comes to property, CGT becomes a relevant concern in two primary scenarios:

  1. Selling an Inherited Property: If you inherit property and decide to sell it, CGT may apply. The amount of CGT is calculated based on the difference between the probate value (the baseline) and the eventual sale price.
  2. Transferring the Property During Your Lifetime: If you inherit a property but decide not to sell it immediately and instead choose to transfer ownership, CGT can still be triggered when you eventually sell the property. The CGT liability is determined by the property’s value at the time of transfer and the value at the time of the actual sale.

When is CGT Not Payable on Inherited Property?

It’s important to note that not all inherited properties will incur CGT. There are certain exemptions and reliefs that can shield you from this tax:

  1. Principal Private Residence Relief: If you live in the inherited property as your primary residence, you may be eligible for Principal Private Residence Relief, which can exempt you from paying CGT.
  2. Annual Exemption: Everyone in the UK has an annual tax-free allowance for CGT. This allowance was £6000 for 2023-2024. This means that if your total gains, including the property, do not exceed this threshold, you won’t be liable for CGT.
  3. Letting Relief: If you have lived in the property at some point during your ownership and have let it out, you may qualify for Letting Relief, reducing the CGT liability..

Calculating CGT on Inherited Property

To calculate CGT on property that has appreciated in value since the probate valuation, you’ll need to follow these steps:

  1. Determine the property’s current market value at the time of sale or disposal.
  2. Subtract the probate value from the current market value. This is your capital gain.
  3. Deduct any allowable expenses, such as improvement costs or legal fees related to the sale.
  4. Calculate the tax based on your income tax band. As of September 2023, the rates were 10% for basic rate taxpayers and 20% for higher rate taxpayers.
  5. Apply any available reliefs or exemptions to reduce your CGT liability.


Capital Gains Tax can be a complex topic, especially when it comes to inherited property. Understanding when CGT is payable on property that has increased in value since probate is essential for ensuring that you meet your tax obligations and can make informed decisions about your property assets. Always consult with a tax professional or accountant for the most up-to-date information and personalized guidance based on your specific circumstances.

Accountant’ Guide to Filing Your First VAT Return to HMRC 23/24


Welcome to the world of VAT (Value Added Tax), a crucial aspect of doing business in the United Kingdom. Whether you’re a budding entrepreneur or a seasoned business owner, understanding the ins and outs of VAT is essential. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the process of filing your first VAT return in the UK, making it a seamless experience.


Understanding VAT

VAT is a consumption tax that is added to the price of goods and services. In the UK, businesses are required to register for VAT once their taxable turnover exceeds a certain threshold. This threshold is currently £85,000, but it’s important to check for any updates as thresholds can change.


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Registering for VAT

Before diving into the VAT return process, you need to ensure that your business is registered for VAT. You can do this online through the HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) website. The registration process involves providing key details about your business, such as its turnover, trading name, and contact information.


Choosing the Right VAT Scheme

Once registered, you’ll need to choose a VAT scheme that suits your business. The most common scheme is the Standard VAT Accounting, where you file VAT returns quarterly. However, there are alternative schemes, such as the Flat Rate Scheme and Cash Accounting Scheme, each with its own advantages. It’s crucial to understand the implications of each scheme and select the one that aligns with your business model.


Maintaining Accurate Records

Keeping meticulous records is the backbone of successful VAT return filing. Ensure that you maintain detailed records of all your sales and purchases, separating them into standard-rated, reduced-rated, zero-rated, and exempt categories. This level of organization will not only simplify the filing process but also help you identify potential areas for cost-saving.


Calculating VAT

When it comes to filing your VAT return, accurate calculations are non-negotiable. Calculate the VAT you owe by deducting the VAT you’ve paid on your purchases from the VAT you’ve collected on your sales. HMRC provides guidelines on how to perform these calculations, and there are also accounting software options available to automate this process.


Filing Your VAT Return

The actual filing of your VAT return can be done online through the HMRC website. Ensure that you submit your return and any payments due before the deadline to avoid penalties. Late filings can result in financial penalties, so it’s crucial to stay on top of your deadlines.


Seek Professional Advice

If the process seems overwhelming, don’t hesitate to seek professional advice. Accountants and tax advisors can provide valuable insights, ensuring that you’re not only compliant with VAT regulations but also optimizing your tax position.


Common Mistakes to Avoid

Filing your first VAT return can be a learning experience. Be aware of common mistakes, such as miscalculations, late filings, and incorrect data entry. Regularly review your processes and seek feedback to continuously improve your VAT management.



Filing your first VAT return in the UK may seem daunting, but with the right knowledge and preparation, it becomes a manageable task. Stay informed about VAT regulations, maintain accurate records, and consider professional advice when needed. By doing so, you’ll not only navigate the complexities of VAT but also contribute to the financial health and success of your business. Happy filing!


How do I do my first VAT return?

  1. Registration: Ensure that your business is registered for VAT. You can do this online through the HMRC website.
  2. VAT Scheme Selection: Choose the most suitable VAT scheme for your business, such as Standard VAT Accounting, Flat Rate Scheme, or Cash Accounting Scheme.
  3. Record-Keeping: Maintain accurate and detailed records of all your sales and purchases, categorizing them into standard-rated, reduced-rated, zero-rated, and exempt.
  4. Calculation: Calculate the VAT you owe by deducting the VAT you’ve paid on purchases from the VAT you’ve collected on sales.
  5. Filing Online: Use the HMRC website to file your VAT return online. Ensure that you submit your return and any payments before the deadline to avoid penalties.
  6. Professional Advice: If needed, seek advice from accountants or tax advisors to ensure compliance and optimize your tax position.
  7. Avoid Common Mistakes: Be cautious of common mistakes, such as miscalculations, late filings, and incorrect data entry. Regularly review your processes to improve accuracy.


Can I file my VAT return myself?

Absolutely, filing your VAT return yourself is entirely feasible, and many business owners choose to do so.


How long does a first VAT return take?

The time it takes to complete your first VAT return can vary based on factors such as the complexity of your business transactions, record-keeping practices, and familiarity with the process.


Can I submit a VAT return without an accountant?

While many businesses manage their VAT returns independently, if you find certain aspects challenging or want to ensure optimal tax efficiency, seeking professional advice from an accountant is always an option. However, it’s entirely feasible to handle the process on your own with careful attention to detail and staying informed about VAT requirements.

Companies House Annual Accounts Filing Extension 2023/2024


As the financial year draws to a close, businesses find themselves amidst the annual ritual of filing their accounts with Companies House. However, unexpected challenges can sometimes impede this process, making it crucial for businesses to understand the protocol for requesting an extension. In this guide, we’ll explore the importance of timely annual accounts filing, common obstacles faced by businesses, and the step-by-step process of requesting an extension from Companies House.

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Why Timely Annual Accounts Filing Matters

Timely submission of annual accounts is not just a regulatory requirement; it plays a pivotal role in maintaining transparency and accountability. Late filings can attract penalties and adversely impact a company’s credit score. Additionally, it may erode the trust of stakeholders, including investors, suppliers, and customers. Therefore, it’s imperative for businesses to plan well in advance and ensure that they meet the annual accounts filing deadline.



Common Challenges Faced by Businesses

Despite meticulous planning, unforeseen circumstances can sometimes disrupt a company’s ability to file its accounts on time. These challenges may include:

  1. Internal Delays: Sometimes, internal factors such as changes in accounting personnel, unexpected workloads, or technical glitches can lead to delays in the preparation of financial statements.
  2. External Factors: Economic uncertainties, changes in regulatory requirements, or global events (as we’ve witnessed recently) can create unexpected challenges that impact a company’s ability to compile and submit its accounts promptly.
  3. Complex Financial Structures: Companies with intricate financial structures or those undergoing restructuring may find it particularly challenging to prepare and finalize their accounts within the stipulated time frame.



Requesting an Extension from Companies House

Fortunately, Companies House understands that businesses may encounter genuine obstacles that hinder timely filing. Consequently, they have established a process for requesting an extension. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Understand Your Eligibility: Before initiating the extension request, ensure that your company meets the eligibility criteria. Typically, smaller companies are granted more leniency than larger ones. However, each case is assessed individually, so it’s essential to communicate the specific challenges your business is facing.
  2. Gather Supporting Documentation: Compile a comprehensive set of documents that substantiate your request for an extension. This may include evidence of internal or external challenges, correspondence with stakeholders, or any other relevant information that demonstrates the legitimacy of your request.
  3. Access the Companies House Online Service: Log in to the Companies House online service using your company’s credentials. Navigate to the section for filing annual accounts and locate the option for requesting an extension.
  4. Complete the Extension Request Form: Companies House provides a designated form for extension requests. Fill out the form with accurate and detailed information. Clearly articulate the reasons for the extension and attach the supporting documentation.
  5. Submit the Request: Once the form is complete, submit it through the online portal. Companies House will review your request, taking into account the provided information and the circumstances surrounding your business.
  6. Monitor Communication Channels: Keep a close eye on your communication channels, including emails and the online portal. Companies House may request additional information or clarification during the review process. Timely responses will expedite the assessment.
  7. Receive Confirmation: Once the review is complete, Companies House will communicate their decision. If your extension request is approved, you’ll be granted additional time to file your annual accounts without incurring penalties.




While meeting the annual accounts filing deadline is crucial for regulatory compliance, unforeseen challenges can create roadblocks. Companies House recognizes the complexities businesses face and offers a structured process for requesting extensions. By understanding the importance of timely filing, being aware of common challenges, and following the step-by-step guide for extension requests, businesses can navigate this process effectively and maintain their financial integrity. Remember, transparency and open communication are key when seeking an extension—Companies House is there to support businesses facing genuine difficulties.

VAT Return Calculation of Standard, Exempt Input VAT 2023-2024

VAT Return Calculation in the UK: Understanding Standard and Exempt Input VAT


When it comes to VAT (Value Added Tax) in the UK, businesses need to navigate the complexities of calculating input VAT, which is the VAT paid on goods and services purchased for your business. In this blog post, we’ll demystify the process of calculating input VAT for both standard-rated and exempt supplies, ensuring you have a clear understanding of how it impacts your VAT return.

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What is Input VAT?

Input VAT refers to the VAT paid by a business on its purchases. This VAT can usually be reclaimed, subject to certain rules, and is essential for managing your cash flow and ensuring you don’t pay more VAT than necessary.

Standard-Rated Supplies

Standard-rated supplies are goods and services that are subject to the standard rate of VAT in the UK, which is currently 20%. When you make purchases related to standard-rated supplies, you can usually reclaim the input VAT in full on your VAT return.

For example, if you purchase goods or services for £1,000 + £200 VAT, you can claim the entire £200 as input VAT, effectively reducing your overall VAT liability.

Exempt Supplies

Exempt supplies are goods and services that are not subject to VAT. Unlike standard-rated supplies, you cannot reclaim the input VAT paid on purchases related to exempt supplies.

For example, if you operate a business in the financial or healthcare sector and incur VAT on expenses related to these services, you cannot reclaim that input VAT on your VAT return.

Partial Exemption

In some cases, businesses may provide both standard-rated and exempt supplies. This situation is known as partial exemption. To calculate input VAT for partial exemption, you’ll need to apply a formula that considers both the standard-rated and exempt supplies.

The formula takes into account the proportion of standard-rated supplies to total supplies. You can then reclaim the input VAT that relates to your standard-rated activities.

Professional Advice

Calculating input VAT, especially when dealing with exempt and partially exempt supplies, can be intricate. It’s advisable to seek professional advice or use specialized accounting software to ensure accuracy and compliance with HMRC regulations.


Understanding how to calculate input VAT for standard-rated and exempt supplies is crucial for managing your business’s VAT liabilities. By reclaiming input VAT on eligible purchases, you can reduce your overall VAT payments, ultimately benefiting your bottom line.

Remember that input VAT calculations can become complex, especially in cases of partial exemption. Seeking professional guidance or using accounting software tailored to VAT calculations can help simplify the process and ensure compliance with HMRC rules.

Stay informed, keep accurate records, and make informed decisions to optimize your VAT return calculations and contribute to the financial success of your business.

VAT Return Due Date 2023 in the UK: Essential Information

VAT Return Due Date 2023 in the UK: Essential Information


Understanding the VAT return due date in the UK is crucial for businesses of all sizes. Accurate VAT returns are not only essential for legal compliance but also for managing your finances effectively. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the VAT return due date for 2023 in the UK and provide you with the information you need to stay on top of your tax responsibilities.

What is VAT?

VAT, or Value Added Tax, is a consumption tax levied on the value added to goods and services at each stage of production or distribution. It is a significant source of revenue for the UK government and is administered by HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC).

VAT Return Overview

A VAT return is a form you submit to HMRC, typically on a quarterly basis, to report the VAT you’ve collected from customers and the VAT you’ve paid on business expenses. The difference between these two amounts is what you owe or what you’re entitled to claim as a refund.

VAT Return Due Date 2023

For the tax year 2023, the VAT return due date in the UK remains consistent with previous years. You are required to submit your VAT return and make any payment due by the following deadlines:

  1. March 31, 2023, for the VAT period ending February 28, 2023
  2. June 30, 2023, for the VAT period ending May 31, 2023
  3. September 30, 2023, for the VAT period ending August 31, 2023
  4. December 31, 2023, for the VAT period ending November 30, 2023

It’s essential to mark these dates in your calendar to ensure you meet your obligations and avoid any potential penalties.

Late Submission and Penalties

Failing to meet the VAT return due date can result in penalties and interest charges. HMRC takes compliance seriously, so it’s crucial to file your return on time. The penalty for late submission depends on how many times you’ve been late in the past 12 months, with increasing fines for repeat offenses.

How to Submit Your VAT Return

Submitting your VAT return in the UK is relatively straightforward. You can use HMRC’s online services, such as the Making Tax Digital (MTD) platform, or software that is compatible with MTD. Make sure to keep accurate records of your VAT transactions throughout the VAT period to ensure a smooth submission process.


Understanding the VAT return due date for 2023 in the UK is vital for businesses to maintain financial stability and comply with tax regulations. Remember the key dates: March 31, June 30, September 30, and December 31, and ensure that you submit your VAT return on time to avoid penalties. Staying organized and using digital tools can help simplify the process and keep your business on the right side of the tax authorities.

Stay tuned for more updates and insights on financial matters to help you navigate the complexities of running a successful business in the UK.