HMRC Investigations on Unpaid Tax on Cryptoassets 2023/24


In a landscape where digital currencies are gaining momentum, the HMRC’s recent launch of investigations into unpaid taxes on cryptoassets has sent ripples through the cryptocurrency community. As the government tightens its grip on the evolving financial sector, it’s crucial for crypto enthusiasts to stay informed and compliant. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the details of HMRC’s initiative, understand the implications for crypto investors, and explore ways to ensure tax compliance without breaking a sweat.


Understanding HMRC’s Move

The HMRC’s decision to investigate unpaid taxes on cryptoassets underscores the growing importance of regulating digital currencies. With the crypto market witnessing unprecedented growth, authorities are keen to ensure that individuals and businesses involved in these transactions are fulfilling their tax obligations. This move signals a shift towards greater scrutiny, emphasising the need for transparency and accountability in the crypto space.

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Implications for Crypto Investors

For those navigating the crypto landscape, the HMRC’s investigations serve as a wake-up call. Ignoring tax responsibilities can lead to serious consequences, including penalties and legal actions. It’s essential for crypto investors to accurately report their gains and losses, keeping detailed records of transactions. Failing to do so may result in unintended financial repercussions and legal ramifications.


Tips for Ensuring Tax Compliance:

  1. Keep Detailed Records: Maintain a comprehensive record of all your crypto transactions, including dates, amounts, and counterparties. Accurate documentation is crucial when reporting gains and losses to the HMRC.
  2. Seek Professional Advice: The complexities of cryptocurrency taxation can be overwhelming. Consulting with a tax professional well-versed in crypto regulations can provide invaluable guidance, ensuring you stay on the right side of the law.
  3. Utilise Tax Software: Leverage specialised tax software designed for cryptocurrency transactions. These tools can streamline the process of calculating gains and losses, making it easier to fulfill your tax obligations.
  4. Stay Informed: The regulatory landscape for cryptocurrencies is constantly evolving. Stay updated on HMRC guidelines and any changes in tax regulations that may impact your crypto investments.



As the HMRC intensifies its focus on unpaid taxes related to cryptoassets, it’s imperative for investors to proactively ensure compliance. By staying informed, maintaining meticulous records, seeking professional advice, and utilizing available tools, crypto enthusiasts can navigate the evolving regulatory landscape with ease. Embracing transparency and responsible financial practices will not only protect individuals from legal repercussions but also contribute to the legitimacy and mainstream acceptance of cryptocurrencies.

How to prepare a annual return charity commission trustees form

About Charity Trustees’ Annual Reports

Your trustees’ annual report serves as a crucial tool for conveying your charity’s activities to various stakeholders, including potential funders and beneficiaries.

If your charity is registered in England or Wales, you are required to prepare a trustees’ annual report along with your accounts. This report informs people about:

  • Your charity’s work
  • The sources of your funds
  • How you’ve allocated your funds in the past year
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For small non-company charities with an income under £500,000 (and assets below £3.26 million), a concise report should include:

  • Charity details: name, registration number, address, and trustee names
  • Organizational structure and management information, including trustee recruitment
  • Activities and objectives in the past year
  • Achievements and performance, emphasizing public benefit
  • A financial review, including debts and your reserves policy if applicable
  • Details of funds held as a custodian trustee

You have the option to add more detail to your report, but it only needs to be submitted to the commission with your annual return if your income exceeds £25,000 or upon request.

For larger or company charities, a comprehensive trustees’ annual report is necessary if your income exceeds £500,000 (or £250,000 with assets over £3.26 million) or if your charity is a company or CIO. Follow the guidelines outlined in SORP, and remember to upload a PDF copy with your annual return.

Charities’ SORP provides a framework for accounting and reporting to meet legal requirements, ensure consistency in accounting standards, and present a true and fair view. Depending on your charity type, use Charities SORP (FRS 102) or other specific SORPs.

Reporting on your charity’s public benefit is mandatory. For income under £500,000, you have flexibility in reporting, but at a minimum, include your charitable purposes, activities, and adherence to the commission’s public benefit guidance. For income exceeding £500,000, add information on your strategy, significant activities, and achievements in line with your purposes.

Annual Return Submission:

Submit your annual return to the Charity Commission within 10 months of your financial year end. Focus on reporting income and spending, answering questions in the annual return, without the need for additional documents.

Charities’ Annual Report Requirement:

All charities must maintain accounting records and prepare accounts for each financial year. Most registered charities must also prepare an annual report.

Submitting Annual Accounts to Charity Commission:

To submit annual accounts, create a My Charity Commission Account with a unique email address and password. Sign in to submit your charity’s annual return using your personal login information.

Inheritance tax planning for single person for the UK

Strategic Inheritance Tax Planning for Single Individuals in the UK: A Comprehensive Guide to Optimize Your Estate

Inheritance tax (IHT) is a topic that often evokes uncertainty and concern, particularly for single individuals in the United Kingdom. Planning for the future is a crucial aspect of financial management, and understanding how inheritance tax works is essential to ensure that your hard-earned assets are passed on efficiently to your chosen beneficiaries. In this blog post, we will explore the intricacies of inheritance tax planning tailored specifically for single individuals in the UK.

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IHT tax

Understanding Inheritance Tax:

Inheritance tax is a levy imposed on the estate of a deceased person, and it is payable on the value of assets exceeding a certain threshold. As of my knowledge cutoff in January 2022, the standard threshold is £325,000. However, for those with a property, an additional residence nil-rate band of up to £175,000 may apply, bringing the potential total threshold to £500,000.

For single individuals, the absence of a spouse or civil partner can pose unique challenges in terms of tax planning. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

  1. Utilizing the Nil-Rate Band: Single individuals should be aware of the standard nil-rate band and the potential residence nil-rate band. Strategies such as gifting and careful estate planning can help maximize the use of these thresholds.
  2. Lifetime Gifts: Making gifts during your lifetime can be an effective way to reduce the value of your estate for inheritance tax purposes. However, it’s crucial to be aware of the seven-year rule, which states that gifts made within seven years of death may still be subject to inheritance tax.
  3. Tax-Efficient Investments: Consider investing in assets that qualify for Business Relief (BR) or Agricultural Relief (AR). These reliefs can significantly reduce the taxable value of certain assets, providing a more tax-efficient approach to estate planning.
  4. Setting up Trusts: Trusts can be a powerful tool for single individuals to manage their estate and potentially reduce their inheritance tax liability. Seek professional advice to understand the different types of trusts available and their implications.
  5. Reviewing and Updating Wills: Ensure that your will reflects your current wishes and takes advantage of available tax exemptions. Regularly reviewing and updating your will is crucial, especially if your financial situation or family circumstances change.
  6. Consider Professional Advice: Inheritance tax planning can be complex, and seeking advice from Gm professional accountants IHT specialist is highly recommended. They can help tailor a strategy that aligns with your specific circumstances and goals.


Navigating inheritance tax as a single individual in the UK requires careful consideration and proactive planning. By understanding the various strategies available, such as utilizing nil-rate bands, making lifetime gifts, investing in tax-efficient assets, setting up trusts, and regularly reviewing your will, you can work towards minimizing the impact of inheritance tax on your estate. Professional advice is invaluable in crafting a personalized plan that ensures your assets are passed on to your chosen beneficiaries in the most tax-efficient manner possible.

Essential Guide: Correcting VAT Error for Making Adjustment 23-24

Mastering VAT Compliance: How to Correct Errors and Make Seamless Adjustments

If you’ve made an error in a previous VAT return that meets specific criteria, you can rectify it by adjusting a future VAT return, as outlined in HMRC’s VAT notice 700/45. To be eligible for correction:

  1. The mistake must have occurred in a return for an accounting period ending less than 4 years ago.
  2. The net value of the error (VAT overpaid minus underpaid) should be below the HMRC reporting threshold of £10,000.
  3. The error must not be intentional (deliberate errors must be reported to HMRC).
  4. The net value of the error must be between £10,000 and £50,000, but less than 1% of the sales reported in box 6 of the VAT return for the period in which the mistake was discovered.
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Calculate the net value of errors by subtracting any VAT overpaid from any VAT underpaid. If your mistake meets these criteria, amend it in your next VAT return by adding the net value to either Box 1 (tax owed to HMRC) or Box 4 (tax due to your business).

For errors not meeting these criteria, contact HMRC to report them. When in doubt, seek advice from an accountant. Additional information on the Notice 700/45 VAT adjustment process is available on GOV.UK.

Reportable Errors: Not all errors can be corrected by amending a VAT return. Report errors falling into the following criteria to HMRC:

  • Errors with a net value above the reporting threshold.
  • Errors made more than 4 years ago.
  • Deliberate errors (note: deliberate or careless errors may incur HMRC penalties).

Notification of Errors to HMRC: If you need to report a VAT mistake to HMRC that falls outside the criteria for a VAT adjustment, use a VAT652 form. You can fill it out online at GOV.UK, download a printable version, or request a paper form by calling the HMRC helpline on 0300 200 3700.

It’s also possible to report an error to HMRC without using form VAT652, but completing the form will streamline the process for both you and HMRC. If you can’t access the form, write directly to HMRC to report a VAT error at: [Include the appropriate HMRC address].

Correcting a Mistake on Your VAT Return

If you’ve identified an error on your VAT return, especially if it means you’re owed a refund, follow these steps to make the necessary adjustments.

  1. Update Box 4: If the error results in a VAT refund, include the net value in Box 4 of your return.
  2. Keep Detailed Records: It’s crucial to maintain a record of key information, including the date of the error, the date you made the adjustment, and specific details about the mistake.
  3. Adjust Your VAT Records: Ensure that your internal VAT records are also updated to reflect the accurate figures.

Can I Edit a VAT Return After Submission?

If you’ve submitted your VAT return and later realize a mistake, there’s no need to panic. You have options to correct the error:

  1. Manual Correction: You may be able to manually correct the mistake on your submitted return.
  2. Report to HMRC: Alternatively, you can report the error to HMRC, seeking their guidance on the necessary corrective actions.

Time Limit for VAT Error Correction

It’s important to note that there is a specific time limit for correcting errors in your VAT return. You have a window of 4 years from the due date of the return for the prescribed accounting period in which the error occurred, especially concerning under-claimed input tax.

Remember, staying calm and taking prompt corrective measures will help ensure your VAT records remain accurate and compliant with regulations.

Limited company Nursing agencies Vat concession Exempt No vat

Understanding the VAT Concession for Nursing Agencies and Umbrella Companies

In the wake of IR35 reforms and the growing prevalence of umbrella companies among NHS workers, confusion surrounding nursing agencies’ VAT responsibilities has become more prevalent. This confusion primarily revolves around the application of a concession and determining who bears the VAT burden: the end client, the agency, or the umbrella company. However, it’s crucial for recruiters to understand that the nursing agencies’ VAT concession does not apply to fully compliant umbrella companies


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What is the concession, and where does it apply?

This concession dictates that, under specific circumstances, nursing agencies and employment businesses are exempt from VAT accountability when providing certain healthcare workers:

  1. Registered nurses
  2. Unregistered nurses directly supervised by a registered nurse
  3. Unregistered nursing auxiliaries whose services are supplied to a hospital, hospice, or care home

The primary goal is to reduce the cost of medical staff. However, HMRC stipulates that the concession should only benefit those directly supplying nurses, excluding umbrella companies deemed too distant in the supply chain to qualify.

What are the issues, and how should compliant umbrella companies respond?

In the absence of the concession, recruitment agencies typically charge VAT when supplying staff to an end-hirer. This VAT is then transmitted down the chain, and the umbrella company remits it to HMRC upon receiving funds from the agency.

Before the IR35 changes, nurses with their limited companies enjoyed VAT exemption due to low company turnover—a scenario not applicable to umbrella companies.

Compliant umbrella companies must levy VAT, even if the concession relieves the agency from charging VAT to the end client. In such cases, a responsible umbrella provider would decline collaboration unless the agency agrees to pay the VAT. Any umbrella company claiming VAT exemption is misinformed.

Despite the concession being informal and not officially classified as an exemption, recruiters face immediate risks if the umbrella company neglects to charge VAT. In most instances, the VAT responsibility falls back on the recruiter as the worker’s supplier.

If an umbrella company charges VAT and the agency opts for the concession, they might forfeit the right to reclaim the VAT charges. Errors in VAT liability can lead to substantial debts and potential penalties from HMRC.

Do I have to register as self employed straight away

Do I have to register as self employed straight away

In the dynamic landscape of the United Kingdom’s workforce, the allure of self-employment has become increasingly appealing. Whether driven by a desire for autonomy, flexibility, or the pursuit of a passion, becoming self-employed in the UK is a viable and rewarding option. However, before embarking on the entrepreneurial journey, it’s crucial to understand the specific criteria that define and shape self-employment in the UK. 1. Legal Structure and Registration:


Self assessment
Were you self-employed as a ‘sole trader’ and earned more than £1,000 (before taking off anything you can claim tax relief on) ?
Were you a partner in a business partnership ?
Did you receive any income from savings, investments and £10,000 dividends ?
Did you have a total taxable income of more than £100,000 ?
Did you receive any foreign income ?
Did you receive any tips and commission ?
Did you have to pay the High Income Child Benefit Charge ? (Did you earn an income over £50,000)
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One of the first steps towards self-employment in the UK involves choosing an appropriate legal structure for your business. Sole traders, partnerships, and limited companies are the primary options. Sole traders operate as individuals, while partnerships involve two or more individuals sharing the responsibilities. Limited companies are distinct legal entities. Registering your business with the appropriate authorities, such as HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC), is a mandatory step to establish your self-employed status.

2. National Insurance Contributions: Self-employed individuals in the UK are required to pay National Insurance contributions to access benefits like the State Pension and the National Health Service (NHS). The amount of contributions varies based on your profits, and it’s essential to stay informed about the current rates and thresholds. Ensuring compliance with these contributions is vital for maintaining your self-employed status and securing future benefits.

3. Tax Obligations: Understanding and fulfilling your tax obligations is a critical aspect of self-employment in the UK. Keeping accurate financial records, submitting self-assessment tax returns to HMRC, and meeting deadlines are integral to a smooth and compliant self-employed journey.

4. Financial Management and Record-Keeping: Effective financial management is a cornerstone of successful self-employment. Keeping detailed records of your income, expenses, and receipts is not only a legal requirement but also crucial for monitoring your business’s financial health. Utilizing accounting software or hiring a professional accountant can streamline this process, allowing you to focus on growing your business without the burden of complex financial tasks.

5. Client Relationships and Marketing: Building and maintaining client relationships is a key criterion for success in self-employment. As a self-employed professional in the UK, actively marketing your services, networking, and delivering exceptional value to your clients are essential

In conclusion, self-employment in the UK is a rewarding journey that offers numerous benefits, but success requires a thorough understanding of the criteria that define this entrepreneurial path. By navigating legal obligations, managing finances diligently, and fostering strong client relationships, aspiring self-employed individuals can embark on a fulfilling and prosperous career in the UK’s vibrant business landscape.

Self Employed HMRC Criteria Healthcare Register Calculator 2023-24

Do you need to register for self assessment, Complete the form below to determine if you need to file a self-assessment tax return.

Self assessment
Were you self-employed as a ‘sole trader’ and earned more than £1,000 (before taking off anything you can claim tax relief on) ?
Were you a partner in a business partnership ?
Did you receive any income from savings, investments and £10,000 dividends ?
Did you have a total taxable income of more than £100,000 ?
Did you receive any foreign income ?
Did you receive any tips and commission ?
Did you have to pay the High Income Child Benefit Charge ? (Did you earn an income over £50,000)
Stay ahead in the world of finance with the latest tax updates and exclusive offers from GM Professional Accountants. opt in to receive personalized, timely information directly to your inbox. We're committed to keeping you informed and ahead of the curve
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1) How do I know if I need to register for self assessment?

Timing is crucial when it comes to Self Assessment registration. If you’re required to submit a tax return and didn’t do so last year, it’s imperative to register with HMRC for Self Assessment.

2) How much do you have to earn to register for self assessment?

Establishing yourself as a sole trader becomes necessary under certain circumstances, such as earning over £1,000 from self-employment between April 6, 2022, and April 5, 2023. Additionally, proof of self-employment may be required, particularly for purposes like claiming Tax-Free Childcare.

3) Will HMRC tell me if I need to do a self assessment?

HMRC may not send paper communications prompting you to file a return. Instead, you could receive email notifications indicating the need to file. This occurs only if you’ve enrolled in HMRC’s digital self-assessment email reminders service.

4) What is the fine for not registering for self assessment?

A prompt penalty of £100 is imposed. Twelve months after the initial missed deadline, on 1st February, you’ll incur an additional charge of £300 or 5% of the tax owed. Consequently, the total payment for filing a Self Assessment tax return a year later could amount to approximately £1,600.

5) Do you have to re register for self assessment every year?

If you’ve previously registered, there’s no need for a new registration. However, if you didn’t submit a Self Assessment tax return last year, you’ll need to reactivate your existing account.

6) Do I need to do self assessment if I earn more than 100k?

Earning over £100,000 annually introduces a distinctive tax scenario, diverging from the norm. Despite PAYE system taxation, an obligation arises to submit annual Self Assessment tax returns to HMRC.

7) Do I need to do a self assessment if I earn less than 10k?

In short, yes. If your self-employment earnings exceed £1,000, it’s imperative to register for Self Assessment with HMRC. Upon registration, you’ll receive a Unique Taxpayer Reference number, solidifying your status as a self-employed taxpayer.

8) Do I need to register for self assessment if I earn less than 1000?

Income under £1,000 requires no declaration. For income exceeding £1,000, registration with HMRC and completion of a Self Assessment Tax Return are necessary.

I Didn’t Realise I Went Over The 85K VAT Threshold 2023/2024


Running a limited property company in the UK comes with its unique set of challenges and opportunities. Filing requirements, tax obligations, and compliance standards are crucial aspects that demand careful attention. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the essential steps to ensure a seamless and successful filing process for your limited property company.

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Foundation of Compliance: Understanding Your Limited Company Structure

As a limited company, your filing obligations are distinct from other business structures. It’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the specific requirements imposed by Companies House and HMRC for limited companies. This foundational understanding sets the stage for a proactive and compliance-driven approach to filing.

Annual Returns: Maintaining Company Transparency

One of the primary filing obligations for a limited company is the submission of annual returns to Companies House. This document provides a snapshot of your company’s vital information, including details about directors, shareholders, and the company’s registered office address. Timely submission ensures the transparency required by regulatory authorities and helps avoid penalties.

Corporation Tax: Calculating and Filing with Precision

Corporation tax is a core financial obligation for limited companies. Accurate calculation and timely filing are essential to comply with HMRC regulations. Ensure that you maintain meticulous records of your company’s profits, expenses, and any tax reliefs applicable to your business activities. Leveraging accounting software or professional advice can streamline the corporation tax filing process.

VAT Registration and Compliance: Strategic Financial Management

For limited property companies with a taxable turnover exceeding the VAT registration threshold, mandatory VAT registration is a critical step. Understanding the implications of VAT, choosing the right VAT scheme, and maintaining compliance with VAT regulations are pivotal for effective financial management. Regularly reviewing your VAT position ensures that your limited company aligns with HMRC requirements.

Property Income Reporting: HMRC Transparency

Reporting property income to HMRC is an ongoing obligation for limited property companies. Ensure that you accurately record and report rental income, allowable expenses, and deductions. Staying transparent with HMRC not only fulfills your regulatory duties but also positions your company for a smooth and cooperative relationship with tax authorities.

Corporation Tax Planning: Maximizing Efficiency

Strategic tax planning is a powerful tool for limited property companies. Seeking professional advice to optimize your company’s tax position, explore available reliefs, and plan for future tax liabilities can contribute to long-term financial efficiency. Proactive tax planning ensures that your limited company maximizes opportunities within the legal framework.

Annual Accounts: Reflecting Financial Health

In addition to annual returns, limited companies are required to file annual accounts with Companies House. These accounts provide an in-depth view of your company’s financial health, including balance sheets, profit and loss statements, and cash flow statements. Composing accurate and comprehensive annual accounts is essential for stakeholders, including shareholders, investors, and regulatory bodies.

Professional Support: Navigating Complexity with Experts

Given the intricacies of filing obligations for limited property companies, seeking professional support is a strategic move. Accountants and tax advisors specializing in corporate filings can offer expert guidance, ensuring that your limited company remains compliant, efficient, and well-positioned for growth.

Conclusion: Filing with Confidence for Future Success

In conclusion, successfully filing for your limited property company in the UK requires a proactive and informed approach. By understanding and fulfilling annual returns, corporation tax obligations, VAT requirements, and seeking professional support when needed, you pave the way for a compliant and thriving limited company. Stay vigilant, leverage professional expertise, and navigate the filing landscape with confidence for sustained success in the dynamic property market.

Amending the corporation tax return after deadline limit 2023-2024

How to Amend Your Company Tax Return: Staying Compliant Made Easy

Introduction – How far back can you go?

Navigating the ever-changing landscape of tax regulations can be challenging for businesses. Occasionally, circumstances evolve, necessitating adjustments to your Company Tax Return. In this blog, we’ll delve into the key aspects of amending your return and explore the methods available to you. It’s crucial to remember that amending your return is subject to specific time constraints and potential penalties for errors. Let’s explore these details further.

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The 12-Month Deadline

The first and most critical aspect to bear in mind when contemplating amendments to your Company Tax Return is the 12-month deadline. Generally, changes must be made within 12 months of the filing deadline. Complying with this deadline is of utmost importance to avoid potential penalties imposed by HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). Thus, staying organized and proactively addressing any required adjustments within this timeframe is essential.

UK Statutory accounts

Methods for Making Amendments

When it comes to amending your Company Tax Return, you have several methods at your disposal. The choice of method hinges on your preferences and specific circumstances:

  1. Commercial Software: Many businesses find using commercial tax software a popular and user-friendly option. These software packages often include intuitive interfaces and error-checking features to ensure accuracy. They can be especially beneficial for businesses with complex financial records.
  2. Paper Return or Written Request: If you favour a more conventional approach, you can opt to send a paper return or a written request to your company’s Corporation Tax office. This method may suit businesses with less intricate tax situations, but it may require additional processing time.
  3. HMRC Online Services: HMRC provides online services that may enable you to make changes to your Company Tax Return. Eligibility for this service may vary, so it’s essential to verify your qualifications. Online services are a convenient choice for tech-savvy individuals who prefer a digital approach.

Determining Eligibility for HMRC Online Services

To assess your eligibility for utilizing HMRC’s online services, refer to recent tax forms or correspondence from HMRC. These documents usually contain information regarding the Corporation Tax office’s address and contact information. You can also reach out to the HMRC helpline to receive guidance on utilizing online services and clarify any uncertainties.

Penalties for Errors

Maintaining vigilance when amending your Company Tax Return is crucial since HMRC may impose penalties for errors. The severity of these penalties varies based on the error’s nature, whether it was an inadvertent mistake or an intentional attempt to evade taxes. To steer clear of penalties, ensure that any amendments you make are accurate and supported by valid documentation.


In conclusion, amending your Company Tax Return is a necessary, sometimes unavoidable, process. Whether triggered by shifts in your financial situation or corrections of prior errors, the key to successful amendments lies in adhering to the 12-month deadline, selecting the most suitable method, and ensuring accuracy to prevent penalties.

Commercial software, paper returns, and HMRC’s online services are all viable options, contingent on your specific circumstances and preferences. Keep in mind to verify your eligibility for online services and seek guidance if required.

In the intricate realm of tax compliance, staying well-informed and adhering to the correct procedures is paramount. By comprehending the process of amending your Company Tax Return and the potential consequences of errors, you can guarantee that your business maintains compliance and avoids unnecessary penalties with ease.