Accountant Guidance for Locum GP Doctors: Navigating Self-Assessment Registration and Filing 2024

How to Register and File Your Self-Assessment as a Locum GP Doctor in 2024

Navigating the tax landscape as a locum GP doctor in the UK can be a complex task. Registering for a Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) and understanding the self-assessment filing dates are critical steps in managing your financial responsibilities. This guide aims to simplify this process, focusing on key aspects of ‘GP doctor self-assessment’, ensuring that you stay compliant with HMRC requirements.

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Understanding the Need for a UTR

Before diving into the intricacies of self-assessment, it’s crucial to understand what a Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) is and why it’s essential for locum GP doctors. A UTR is a 10-digit number uniquely assigned to you by HMRC, which is necessary for filing your tax returns. As a locum GP, this identifier is your gateway to the self-assessment process.

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How to Register for a UTR

  1. Online Registration: The most convenient way to register is online through the HMRC website. You’ll need to provide personal details and information about your locum GP work.
  2. Timeframe for Registration: It’s advisable to register as soon as you begin your locum work. HMRC may take up to 20 working days to send your UTR, so timely registration is essential.
  3. Documentation Required: Be prepared with your National Insurance number, personal details, and the date you started your locum GP practice.

Filing Your Self-Assessment Tax Return

Once you have your UTR, you’re ready to start the self-assessment process. This is where you declare your income and calculate your tax liability.

Key Dates for Self-Assessment

  1. 5th October: This is the deadline for registering for self-assessment for the previous tax year.
  2. 31st January: This is the final date for online self-assessment tax returns for the tax year ending the previous 5th April. It’s also the deadline to pay any tax you owe.

Steps for Filing Self-Assessment

  1. Gather Documentation: Compile all your financial records, including invoices, expenses, and bank statements related to your locum GP work.
  2. Calculating Your Tax: You may need to account for various types of income and deductions. It’s essential to include all relevant financial details to accurately calculate your tax liability.
  3. Online Submission: Submit your tax return online through the HMRC self-assessment portal using your UTR. Ensure that all information is accurate and complete to avoid any penalties.

Tips for Smooth Filing

  • Stay Organized: Keep your financial records well-organized throughout the year to ease the filing process.
  • Understand Deductible Expenses: As a locum GP, certain expenses related to your work may be tax-deductible. Understanding these can significantly affect your tax liability.


For locum GP doctors, understanding and managing self-assessment and UTR registration is crucial. By staying informed of key dates, maintaining organized records, and understanding your tax obligations, you can ensure a smooth and compliant tax filing process. Remember, staying on top of these details not only helps in managing your finances effectively but also in avoiding any unnecessary penalties.

If you need more personalized guidance or assistance with your self-assessment, our team at GM Professional Accountants is here to help. Specializing in financial services for the medical sector, we offer expert advice tailored to the unique needs of locum GP doctors. Contact us today to learn how we can support your financial journey.

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