SPV Limited Company BTL Mortgage Calculator 2024/2025

SPV Mortgage calculator



Monthly Mortgage Payment

How much do you need for BTL mortgage?

The minimum deposit for a buy-to-let (BTL) mortgage typically represents 25% of the property’s value, although this requirement can range from 20% to 40%, depending on the lender. Most BTL mortgages are structured on an interest-only basis, meaning that each month, you are responsible only for paying the interest without reducing the principal balance. At the end of the mortgage term, you must repay the full amount of the original loan.

Can I buy a buy-to-let property through my limited company?

Investing in property through a limited company involves owning the company, which in turn owns the properties. The company is responsible for purchasing the buy-to-let properties, holding the mortgages, and paying corporation tax on the profits generated.

Is it worth setting up a limited company for one buy-to-let?

A buy-to-let limited company can offer improved tax efficiencies and planning options. For some individuals, particularly higher-rate taxpayers, holding property in a limited company structure may be more tax-efficient compared to ownership as a private landlord. This setup can provide specific tax advantages that are worth considering.

What is a Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs) for Property Investment in the UK

Understanding Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs) for Property Investment in the UK

In the dynamic landscape of UK property investment, Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs) have emerged as a strategic choice for many savvy investors, especially given the evolving tax regulations post-2020. But what exactly is an SPV, and how does it differ from traditional limited companies in the realm of real estate? This guide delves into the nuts and bolts of SPVs, providing a clear framework for understanding their role and benefits in property investment.

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What is an SPV?

An SPV, or Special Purpose Vehicle, is a type of limited company created specifically for a particular financial arrangement. In property investment, SPVs are primarily used to hold and manage property assets, separating them from other business activities or personal holdings. This segregation is crucial, particularly for tax efficiency and risk management.

The Appeal of SPVs for Property Investors

Since the tax changes in 2020-2021, where mortgage interest tax relief for landlords was capped, many have turned to SPVs as a more tax-efficient entity. Unlike personal property investments, an SPV is taxed under corporate tax rates, which as of 2024, range from 19% to 25% depending on the profit margins. This could potentially lower the tax burden, especially for higher-rate taxpayers. For comprehensive tax advice tailored to your circumstances, consulting with a qualified tax professional is recommended.

How Does an SPV Work?

Setting up an SPV involves registering a new limited company with Companies House, specifically intended for property management. This process includes choosing a company name, directors, and shareholders, and selecting the appropriate Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes related to real estate activities, such as 68209 for “letting and operating of own or leased real estate.”

Financial Considerations and Mortgage Access

Investors considering an SPV should be aware of the financial landscape. While SPVs can offer tax benefits, they typically face higher mortgage rates and fees. This is due to the perceived additional risks lenders associate with SPV structures compared to individual investors. However, many lenders are increasingly accommodating SPVs, recognizing their growing popularity among seasoned landlords.

Case Study: Real-World SPV Application

Consider the case of a seasoned property investor in 2024, who transitioned his portfolio into an SPV to capitalize on corporate tax benefits. By doing so, he managed to decrease his tax liabilities significantly while also simplifying the management of multiple properties under one entity. This strategic move not only optimized his financial outcomes but also streamlined the operational aspects of his investments.

When to Consider an SPV?

Deciding whether an SPV is the right structure for your investment goals involves a thorough analysis of your current tax situation, investment goals, and the administrative costs associated with running a limited company. It’s often a suitable choice for investors with multiple properties who seek to enhance their tax efficiency and simplify estate planning.


Special Purpose Vehicles offer a compelling structure for property investors aiming to optimize tax efficiency and risk management in their portfolios. However, the decision to use an SPV should be made after careful consideration of your financial goals, tax implications, and consultation with industry experts. For more insights and personalized advice, connect with GM Professional Accountants, who specialize in property investment strategies and tax solutions.

Remember, while SPVs offer numerous advantages, they are not a one-size-fits-all solution. Each investor’s situation is unique, and the benefits must be weighed against the potential costs and administrative responsibilities. For detailed guidance, visit our detailed SPV setup guide and explore how to maximize your investment returns in alignment with your long-term financial objectives.

Understanding Allowable Expenses for Buy-to-Let Limited Companies

Understanding Allowable Expenses for Buy-to-Let Limited Companies

Navigating the labyrinth of taxation can be daunting for buy-to-let limited company owners. As we edge closer to the 2024 filing date, it’s crucial to grasp which expenses are permissible for tax reduction. This blog delves into the allowable expenses that can optimise your tax efficiency and keep your financials in check.

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What Are Allowable Expenses?

Allowable expenses are specific costs that landlords can deduct from their rental income, thus reducing their taxable profit. For a buy-to-let limited company, understanding these can significantly impact your financial outcomes.

Common Allowable Expenses for Buy-to-Let Limited Companies

  1. Loan Interest and Finance Costs: One of the most significant deductions available to buy-to-let limited companies is interest on mortgages or loans used to purchase properties. However, it’s crucial to ensure that the loans are specifically for business purposes to qualify for this deduction.
  2. Property Maintenance and Repairs: Expenses incurred for maintaining the property, such as fixing broken windows, plumbing, and heating repairs, are deductible. However, it’s essential to differentiate between maintenance (which is allowable) and improvements (which are not).
  3. Professional Fees: Professional fees, including accounting services from firms like GM Professional Accountants, legal fees, and property management costs, are also deductible. These professionals ensure compliance and can help optimize your tax responsibilities.
  4. Insurance Premiums: Insurance costs for your property, including building, contents, and public liability insurance, are considered allowable expenses.
  5. Utility Bills and Council Tax: If you’re responsible for paying utility bills and council tax, these can also be deducted, provided the property was available for rental during these periods.

Real-Life Applications and Case Studies

In 2023, a case study involving a London-based buy-to-let limited company demonstrated significant tax savings by meticulously documenting and claiming allowable expenses. The company saved approximately 20% on their tax bill by accurately claiming maintenance costs, professional fees, and finance costs.

Accountants in ilford

Key Dates and Compliance

For buy-to-let limited company landlords, marking the calendar for the 2024 filing date is crucial. Ensuring that all allowable expenses are meticulously recorded and claimed can lead to substantial tax savings. Regular consultations with accounting professionals can help in staying compliant and updated with any changes in tax legislation.

How to Ensure Compliance and Maximise Deductions

  • Maintain Good Records: Keeping detailed and accurate records is paramount. This includes saving receipts, invoices, and bank statements that corroborate your claims.
  • Understand the Distinctions: Clearly understanding what qualifies as an allowable expense versus an improvement can save you from costly errors in your tax filings.
  • Consult Professionals: Engaging with accounting professionals, such as GM Professional Accountants, who specialise in property tax will ensure that you are making the most of your allowable deductions.


For buy-to-let limited company owners, understanding and applying allowable expenses is key to reducing tax liabilities and enhancing profitability. As we approach the 2024 filing season, equip yourself with the right knowledge and professional advice to navigate through your tax obligations effectively. Remember, every penny saved in taxes can be reinvested into your business, paving the way for further growth and success.

SPV Limited Company Rental Property Yield Calculator 2024/25

SPV Yield calculator


How do you calculate the yield on a rental property?

To find out the rental yield of a property, you just need to:

Gather Annual Rental Income: Sum up how much rent the property brings in over a year.

Know the Property Value: Determine the current market value of your property.

Calculate the Yield: Divide the annual rental income by the property’s market value and multiply the result by 100. This gives you the rental yield as a percentage.

What’s a good rental yield UK?

A rental yield between 5% and 8% is generally regarded as favourable. To ensure an accurate calculation of your rental yield, it’s crucial to include all associated expenses. This means accounting for the costs of purchasing and owning the property, such as mortgage payments, service charges, maintenance fees, and any other operational costs. By considering these expenses, you’ll gain a clearer understanding of the actual return on your investment.

Is a 3% rental yield good?

Overall, a rental yield of 5% to 8% is considered good, but aiming for 7% to 8% or higher can yield the best returns on your property investment. When determining what a good rental yield is for your property, it’s advisable to target yields within this range to optimize your investment’s profitability.

Buy to Let Property SPV Limited Company Tax Calculator 2024/25

SPV tax calculator

Your yearly Expenses

Put 0 if you do not have expenses in the fields below
Building insurance
This includes Estate agent fees and commissions
General maintenance and repairs: Costs Replacement of domestic items: Gardening and cleaning services:
Yearly interest cost not repayment
Mileage etc

Is it better to buy-to-let through a company?

Purchasing rental properties through a limited company allows investors to fully deduct finance costs, such as mortgage interest, from their taxes. This structure also offers access to potentially lower corporate tax rates and provides greater flexibility in financial planning, including for inheritance tax strategies.

How do you calculate buy-to-let profit?

The Return On Investment (ROI) is calculated by subtracting the annual mortgage interest and operating expenses from the annual rent and then dividing the result by the total cash invested. It’s important to note that this calculation does not account for tax expenses

How long does it take to set up an SPV?

SPVs are commonly set up as limited companies. The company registration process is quick, only taking a few minutes, and your company can be incorporated in as little as three working hours, though this is subject to Companies House’s workload. To establish an SPV, you need at least one director and one shareholder.

Buy to Let SPV Company Mortgage Calculator UK 2024/2025

SPV Mortgage calculator



Monthly Mortgage Payment

Are mortgage rates higher for limited companies?

Interest rates on mortgages for limited companies are often higher than those for standard buy-to-let products due to the perceived higher risk

Do you pay stamp duty on SPV?

When purchasing property through a limited company, you are still required to pay stamp duty; there’s no way around it. All properties acquired by limited companies are subject to the standard stamp duty rates.

Why use an SPV to buy property?

One of the key advantages of using a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for property investment is the potential tax benefits. Operating within an SPV can lead to more favourable positions regarding both income tax and capital gains tax (CGT).

Understanding SPV Company Registration and SIC Codes in the UK: A Guide for 2024

Understanding SPV Company Registration and SIC Codes

When registering a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company in the UK, selecting the correct Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes is essential. These codes not only classify the nature of your business activities but also influence regulatory requirements and tax implications. As we approach the 2024 filing date, understanding these classifications becomes crucial for compliance and strategic planning.

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What is an SPV Company?

An SPV, or Special Purpose Vehicle, is created to isolate financial risk. Commonly used in securitisation or property investment, SPVs can help protect assets from the liabilities of the parent company. For accountancy professionals, SPVs offer a strategic tool for managing assets and liabilities, especially in complex financial arrangements.

Choosing the Right SIC Codes

The selection of SIC codes is a fundamental step in the registration process of an SPV. These codes define the company’s primary business activities. For instance, if an SPV is set up for holding property, the SIC code might be 68100 – “Buying and selling of own real estate”. Accurate SIC coding is critical, as it informs the HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) and Companies House about the nature of your business, influencing both tax obligations and legal reporting requirements.

For a detailed look at SIC codes and their implications, consider exploring the Companies House guide.

Registration Process and Compliance

Registering an SPV involves several steps, including the selection of directors, a company secretary, and a registered office address. All details must be meticulously documented to comply with UK corporate laws. As we near the 2024 filing date, it’s essential to ensure that all documents reflect the current regulations, which may have updates or changes.

Why Is This Relevant to GM Professional Accountants?

At GM Professional Accountants, we specialize in guiding our clients through the complexities of SPV registration and management. Our expertise in tax returns, payroll, and company accounts ensures that your SPV is not only compliant with UK regulations but also optimized for financial efficiency.

SPV vs Limited Company: Choosing the Right Entity for Property Investment in 2024

SPV vs Limited Company: Choosing the Right Entity for Property Investment in 2024

As we navigate through 2024, the distinction between a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) and a Limited Company remains a critical consideration for property investors in the UK. At GM Professional Accountants, we’re committed to clarifying these concepts to empower your investment decisions.

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Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) in Property Investment

An SPV, in the context of property investment, refers to a limited company established specifically for holding property investments. Its operation is restricted to this realm, prohibiting any form of trading activities unrelated to property. This singular focus of an SPV makes it a suitable choice for investors who are solely interested in property. For setting up an SPV in the property sector, the relevant Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes are:

  • 68100: Buying and Selling of Own Real Estate
  • 68209: Letting and Operating of Own or Leased Real Estate

Understanding Limited Companies in Property Investment

In contrast to an SPV, a Limited Company offers a broader scope. It can engage in a variety of business activities, including but not limited to property investment. This versatility is advantageous for investors or business owners who wish to diversify their business interests beyond property alone.

Key Differences Between SPV and Limited Company

  • Scope of Operation: An SPV is strictly focused on property investment, whereas a Limited Company can have a diverse range of business activities.
  • Regulatory Requirements: SPVs must adhere to specific property-related SIC codes, whereas Limited Companies have broader compliance obligations due to their varied business nature.

Tax Considerations in 2024

Tax implications and filing requirements are pivotal aspects for both SPVs and Limited Companies. Understanding these nuances is essential for ensuring compliance and making informed decisions. While the tax environment continually evolves, staying abreast of the latest HMRC regulations is crucial for both types of entities.

Choosing the Appropriate Entity for Your Goals

The decision to opt for an SPV or a Limited Company in property investment hinges on your specific business strategy and long-term objectives. For dedicated property investors, an SPV can offer a focused and streamlined approach. Conversely, a Limited Company might be more suitable for those seeking operational flexibility across various business sectors.

Conclusion: Expert Support for Your Investment Journey

Navigating the choice between an SPV and a Limited Company in the dynamic field of UK property investment requires careful consideration and expert guidance. At GM Professional Accountants, we’re here to offer personalized advice and support to align your business structure with your investment goals. Explore more insights and professional assistance by visiting our blog. Make 2024 a year of strategic and informed property investment decisions with GM Professional Accountants as your trusted partner.

Corporation Tax Calculator – Payment Deadline to HMRC 2024/25

Date Calculator - Corporation Tax Payment
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How to calculate the corporation tax?

To refine your calculation, begin by adjusting the ‘profit before accounts’ total. This is done by adding back any amounts attributed to depreciation and entertainment expenses. Following this, deduct any capital allowances. The result of these adjustments will give you the taxable profit figure.

Who will pay the 25% corporation tax?

For the financial year starting on 1 April 2023, the primary corporation tax rate is set at 25%, an increase from the previous rate of 19% in the financial year commencing on 1 April 2022. This 25% rate is applicable to companies whose profits exceed GBP 250,000.

Is corporation tax paid on net or gross profit?

Corporation Tax is a mandatory tax levied on the profits of limited companies, calculated on the revenue remaining after deducting overheads and expenses from the business’s total income.

Navigating Buy-to-Let Taxation in London: A Guide for SPV Limited Companies

Diving into the realm of buy-to-let investments in London through Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) Limited Companies reveals a landscape filled with both opportunities and complexities, especially when it comes to taxation. At GM Professional Accountants, we are not just about crunching numbers; we’re about unveiling the secrets of tax efficiency and compliance for our clients. This guide offers a glimpse into the world of buy-to-let taxation, peppered with curiosity, insights, and the pros and cons that come with it.

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Tax Dynamics for SPV Limited Companies

Why choose an SPV Limited Company for property investment? It’s not just about the allure of the London property market; it’s also about the potential tax benefits. SPV Limited Companies are charged Corporation Tax on profits, currently at 19% as of 2024. This rate is typically lower than higher individual income tax rates, suggesting a potential tax advantage. However, the flip side includes the complexity of additional filing requirements and adherence to specific regulations.

The Digital Shift in Tax Management

How does the digital era shape tax management for landlords? The HMRC’s Making Tax Digital initiative is transforming tax administration. By 2024, it’s expected that digital record-keeping will not only enhance accuracy but also streamline the process of tax returns. The challenge? Adapting to new technology and ensuring compliance. This is where expert guidance becomes invaluable.

Real-Life Tax Strategy: A Case Study

Let’s delve into a real-life scenario. A client managing a portfolio of London properties through an SPV Limited Company faced a daunting tax bill. With our strategic advice, they restructured their portfolio, leading to improved tax efficiency. This illustrates the critical impact of knowledgeable tax planning in the ever-evolving landscape of UK taxation.

The Catch: Deadlines and Compliance

Navigating tax efficiency comes with its own set of challenges, particularly the importance of meeting filing deadlines. For the 2024 tax year, missing these could mean penalties, disrupting your investment journey. Staying ahead of deadlines is as crucial as understanding the tax laws themselves.

Weighing the Pros and Cons

The benefits of managing buy-to-let properties through an SPV Limited Company in London are tantalizing – potential tax savings, a separate legal entity providing liability protection, and professional management of property portfolios. But what about the downsides? Complexity in tax filings, costs associated with setting up and running a company, and adherence to corporate governance rules are factors that demand careful consideration.

Seeking Expertise: The Way Forward

Embarking on this journey without expert advice can be like navigating a labyrinth without a map. That’s where firms like GM Professional Accountants come into play. Visit our site GM Professional Accountants to discover how our bespoke tax services can turn the complexities of SPV taxation into opportunities for your investments.

Intrigued by the potential of buy-to-let investments in London? With the right blend of curiosity, knowledge, and professional advice, SPV Limited Companies can not only comply with tax regulations but also leverage them to their advantage. Embrace the challenge and uncover the benefits hidden within the complexities of buy-to-let taxation.

Does an SPV company pay stamp duty in 2024?

Does an SPV Company Pay Stamp Duty? In-Depth Analysis by GM Professional Accountants

As 2024 unfolds, SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle) companies in the UK continue to face complex financial queries, especially regarding Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT). A key question that emerges is: “Does an SPV company pay stamp duty?” GM Professional Accountants brings clarity to this crucial topic, tailored to the evolving financial landscape of 2024.

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Understanding SDLT Rates for SPV Companies

The application of SDLT to SPV companies varies, with several rates potentially coming into play. This depends on the company’s circumstances and intentions regarding property acquisition. Let’s dive into these details:

  1. The 15% Flat Rate:
    This rate applies to SPV companies purchasing residential properties over £500,000. It’s seen as a punitive measure to discourage corporate ownership of residential properties for personal use. However, reliefs from this rate exist for commercial uses, such as properties let out commercially or occupied by employees. These reliefs come with specific conditions and potential clawbacks if the usage changes within three years of completion.
  2. Higher Rates for Additional Dwellings:
  • For properties up to £250,000: 3%
  • From £250,001 to £925,000: 8%
  • £925,001 to £1.5 million: 13%
  • Above £1.5 million: 15% Almost all corporate purchases of residential properties fall under these higher rates, applicable when the 15% surcharge doesn’t apply.
  1. Standard Rates:
    While less common for corporate purchases of residential properties, standard rates include 0% up to £250,000, and scale up to 12% above £1.5 million.
  2. Non-Resident Surcharge:
    Non-resident SPV companies face an additional 2% surcharge. This means a potential 17% charge for non-resident corporate buyers under certain conditions.

Navigating Compliance and Filing

The filing deadlines remain critical; SPV companies must file their SDLT returns and complete payments within 14 days of the transaction. Awareness and adherence to these timelines are crucial to avoid penalties.

Expert Guidance from GM Professional Accountants

At GM Professional Accountants, we offer bespoke advice to SPV companies navigating these complex SDLT waters. Our services, ranging from tax returns to company accounts, are designed to ensure your financial decisions are both compliant and optimal.


Understanding the SDLT implications for SPV companies is a multifaceted issue, hinging on several factors, including property values and specific circumstances. For SPV companies, staying informed and seeking expert advice is pivotal. For detailed, personalized guidance, contact GM Professional Accountants – where our expertise meets your financial aspirations.

Filing Corporation Tax Returns for Dormant Companies 2024 Guide

Filing Corporation Tax Returns for Dormant Companies

Introduction: In 2024, understanding the ins and outs of corporation tax returns for dormant companies remains a vital concern for business owners. This guide simplifies the process and provides all the necessary information to tackle this task with confidence.

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Understanding Dormant Companies First, let’s clarify what a dormant company is. In the eyes of HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC), it’s a company with no significant financial transactions in a fiscal year. It’s important to grasp this definition to accurately prepare your tax return.

2024 Filing Obligations Even as a dormant company, there’s a need to submit a corporation tax return to HMRC. The 2024 filing deadline is crucial and cannot be missed. Timely submission is a must for maintaining your company’s compliance.

Step-by-Step Guide for Filing

  1. Identifying Dormancy: Confirm that your company qualifies as dormant for the period.
  2. Gathering Documents: Even without significant transactions, keeping records is crucial.
  3. Filling the Return: Use HMRC’s online services or software aligned with Making Tax Digital.
  4. Submission and Confirmation: Once filed, ensure you receive HMRC’s acknowledgment.

Importance of Compliance Filing correctly as a dormant company avoids unnecessary scrutiny or penalties from HMRC. It’s essential for maintaining your company’s good standing.

Seeking Professional Help Navigating tax returns can be challenging. GM Professional Accountants specialize in this area, offering tailored advice and assistance. Their expertise simplifies the process, ensuring error-free submissions.

Case Study: A Real-World Example A client contacted us .’, a dormant company in 2023. They sought GM Professional Accountants’ help, ensuring their return was filed correctly and on time, showcasing the importance of expert guidance in such scenarios.

Conclusion In 2024, filing corporation tax returns for dormant companies remains a nuanced task. Understanding your obligations and seeking professional assistance where necessary is key. This guide aims to provide a clear pathway through the process, ensuring your company remains compliant and stress-free during tax season.

For more detailed advice and personalized assistance, consider reaching out to GM Professional Accountants, experts in navigating the complexities of corporation tax for dormant companies.

HMRC Self Assessment (SA100) Tax Return Calculator 2023/2024

Self assessment
Were you self-employed as a ‘sole trader’ and earned more than £1,000 (before taking off anything you can claim tax relief on) ?
Were you a partner in a business partnership ?
Did you receive any income from savings, investments and £10,000 dividends ?
Did you have a total taxable income of more than £100,000 ?
Did you receive any foreign income ?
Did you receive any tips and commission ?
Did you have to pay the High Income Child Benefit Charge ? (Did you earn an income over £50,000)
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How do I calculate my self Assessment tax return?

HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) calculates your Income Tax by first adding up all your taxable sources of income, including employment earnings, profits from self-employment, rental income, interest on savings, and dividends from shares. From this total, HMRC allows deductions for any allowable expenses directly related to earning certain incomes, applicable capital allowances, and other reliefs like pension contributions. Additionally, your personal allowance, a tax-free threshold, is deducted. The remaining income is then taxed at the appropriate rates, which in the UK are divided into different bands, each with its own rate, so that your income is taxed progressively, with portions falling into higher bands taxed at correspondingly higher rates.

How do I find my tax calculation on HMRC?

Log into your HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) online account. Once you’re in, navigate to the ‘Self Assessment’ section. Here, you’ll find an option labeled ‘More details about your Self Assessment returns and payments.’ Click on this to access comprehensive information about your past returns and payments related to Self Assessment. This section is designed to provide you with detailed records and status updates on your filings and any associated financial transactions.

Can I download a SA100 form?

You can obtain the SA100 form by downloading it from the HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) website. However, it’s crucial to apply for your Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) at least six weeks before the tax deadline. Without a UTR, you’re unable to submit your tax return, which can lead to penalties. This proactive approach ensures you have all necessary documentation in time for a smooth and penalty-free submission.